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Leonid Blyum and the Development of ABR

Leonid Blyum graduated in 1992 from Novosibirsk State University with a degree in Mathematics, specializing in mathematical models of complex systems.

Thereafter he began work in the field of biomechanical research.  His initial research interests were in the theoretical field:  modelling of the structure and performance of the musculoskeletal system in respect to variable parameters of external biomechanical inputs. 

The main practical focus of that research was the study of spinal disorders (such as scoliosis) and deformities of the peripheral joints (such as hip subluxation and dislocation). Such a choice of subject had been inspired through work done in cooperation with his father who was a Medical Doctor, specializing in the manipulative treatment of these disorders. His personal quest was to discover and to justify the optimal parameters for external biomechanical inputs that would provide the reversal of established structural deformities of the musculoskeletal system. 

Quite soon he realized, that in order for research in the field of applied biomechanics to achieve optimal efficiency, it was necessary to combine quality theoretical conceptual work with personal hands-on skills. To achieve this end, he studied and practiced extensively various fields of hands-on applications:  manipulations and mobilizations in physical therapy, osteopathy, massage etc.

Gradually the central idea of his research crystallized: the implementation of quasi-static hands-on mobilizations as the optimal method of achieving reversibility of musculoskeletal deformities. 

From 1996 until 2000 he taught applied biomechanics and manual therapy as a course in postgraduate medical education for the medical doctors in Moscow. 

In the meantime his personal work on the cases of scoliosis and other musculoskeletal deformities kept bringing quite spectacular results, proving the efficiency of quasi-static principles. 

The next step was a transition to further levels of biomechanical complexity – physical rehabilitation of patients with neurological impairments (mostly brain injury) suffering from generalized motor disorders and musculoskeletal deformities.

Achieving significant motor recovery at this level of complexity proved to be a very labour intensive process. The scale of time involved - hundreds of hours a year for each child - required a radical change of strategy. The transition was made, from relying on personal hands-on skills of a professional, to teaching the parents the skills to work manually on their own children. 

These principles - the quasi-static technique and specific training of parents to perform it on their children - made the foundation of the system known as ABR (Advanced Biomechanical Rehabilitation) which until late 2002 was known as ANR (Advance Neuromotor Rehabilitation).

The biomechanics behind today's mainstream physical rehabilitation methods of motor disorders and musculoskeletal deformities are very much the same as they were centuries ago – mobility aids, stretching, application of casts. 

The main challenge is to establish new standards of musculoskeletal structure and motor function recovery by bringing a radical change to the applied biomechanics behind strategies and techniques of physical rehabilitation. Leonid Blyum considers, that in order to achieve this goal, no less than a paradigm shift is necessary. Such a shift is the essence of ABR, (Advanced Biomechanical Rehabilitation) which represents the radical overhaul of applied biomechanics - based on the ideas of non-linear geometry, topology and relativity physics. The result of this radical overhaul is a completely new strategy of physical rehabilitation that targets the smooth muscles, and a new class of hands-on techniques that are based on quasi-static principles.

At a pivotal point of his professional career, Leonid Blyum sees his discovery that eccentric modes of muscle activity correspond with the quasi-static principle of transferring the kinetic energy of external input, into the «structurally bound» increase of internal potential energy. This discovery allowed him to make a practical link between sophisticated but abstract areas of advanced physics and non-linear geometry, and hands-on applications.  Thereby the biomechanical criteria were set for a new class of movements, which are capable of reversing long established structural deformities and deficiencies of the musculoskeletal system. 

 Today ABR has developed into a highly efficient physical rehabilitation protocol, which is capable of providing predictable stage-by-stage structural and functional recovery. This protocol is taught to the parents of the children suffering from motor impairments and delivers results through their own hands-on work. 

Leonid Blyum's ultimate goal is to develop ABR to such a high level of quality and recognition, that it would become the natural choice for all parents who are prepared to put sufficient time and effort into the treatment of their children.

The magnitude of that goal involves the meeting of many challenges: further improvements of the protocols of ABR training for the parents, creating a school for ABR trainers, meeting the requirements of academic standards in the descriptions of ABR, conducting the studies on comparative efficiency of ABR, etc.

The attainment of these goals is possible, based on the musculoskeletal recovery which ABR delivers, which is unparalleled by other rehabilitation methods, due to the advance in applied biomechanics that it represents.

    ABR Danmark Horndrupvej 36,  DK-8660 Skanderborg  Tlf 0045/ 86 51 24 86  E-mail: abrdanmark@mail.dk